The dragon fruit originally came from South America and Central America. Furthermore, dragon fruit is growing up to Asian countries.
Dragon fruit has a lot of nutritional content, therefore dragon fruit becomes very popular. There are four species of dragon fruit, two species of red dragon flesh with pink or red skin and two species of white flesh dragon fruit with red or yellow skin. The four kinds of dragon fruit are basically equally have tremendous benefits for health, it’s just between each slightly different levels of nutritional content.
Other names Dragon fruit: Pitaya, Dragon fruit, Red Pitahaya, night blooming Cereus, Strawberry Pear, Belle of the Night, conderella plant.
Scientific name: Ceraus, Acanthocereus, Echinocereus, Selenicereus, Stenocereus, Escontria, Myrthillocactus.
Overseas common name:
France: Cierge-lezard, poire de chardon,
Germany: Distelbirn Echte Stachelbirn, Drachenfrucht.
Portoguese: Cato-Barse, Cardo-ananaz.
Spanish: Pithaya Roja (Colombia, Mexico, Venezuela): flor de caliz, pitajava (Puerto Rico); Junco, junco tapatio, pitahaya orejona, reina de la noche, tasajo (mexico)
Sweden: skogskactus, rod pitahaya.
Nutritional value of 100 grams in a dragon fruit there are more than 20 essential nutrients needed for the body are:
Water: 87 g (Very rich in water)
Protein: 1.1 g
Fat: 0.4 g (almost no fat)
Carbohydrates: 11.0 g
Fiber: 0.04 mg (High enough fiber source)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine): 0.04 g
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin): 0.05 mg
Vitamin B3 (Niacin): 0.16 mg
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid): 20.5 mg (Very rich in water)
Calcium (Ca): 8.5 mg (Contains 3 times more than carrots)
Iron (Fe): 0.16 mg
The greatest benefit of dragon fruit is that it can help improve heart health because it can reduce bad cholesterol levels and the possibility of plaque buildup in the arteries and veins is very low or even impossible. The positive content of this dragon fruit can activate HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol) that can lower LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol) by reducing the receptors in the artery walls. According to a study published in the journal Pharmacognition in 2010, researchers found that consuming dragon fruit can help lower the risk of heart disease and high blood pressure.
This fruit is very rich in vitamin C which is one of the main antioxidants, which can prevent damage to cells or DNA triggered by free radicals, which is one of the origin of the occurrence of cancer. Dragon fruit is also useful to accelerate wound healing, increase appetite, improve vision, lose weight, improve memory.
High fiber levels are beneficial for preventing and treating diabetes. Fiber content in addition to digestion as well as regulating and controlling blood sugar levels. A considerable amount of vitamin B3 can also help prevent and treat diabetes, especially types 1 and 2, which is the most common type of diabetes.
The other benefits of dragon fruit is to maintain bone health. This fruit contains a little of calcium just 1% daily requirement for every 100 grams of fruit, compared with 18% daily requirement per 100 grams of milk. But this fruit contains iron content in enough amount. Keep in mind that iron is also quite important for bone health. In 100 grams of dragon fruit there is 8% daily requirement of iron.
Dragon fruit seeds are very rich in essential fatty acids. This type of fatty acid is quite difficult to obtain, usually found in fish oil, then oil from seeds. Why is it called essential? Because this fatty acid is very important for the body, which is the absolute requirement to be fulfilled.
For you who are planning a diet program, red dragon fruit turns out to be a good fruit for the diet, suitable for weight loss program. This fruit is rich in nutrients that can help meet your daily nutritional intake during diet. For every 100 grams only about 10% of this fruit content is a carbohydrate to meet the needs of carbohydrates daily as much as 3%.
Here is a list and a summary of the 34 benefits that can be obtained from the dragon fruit for our body.
1). Prevent cancer
Cancer is one of the most feared diseases by humans so we have to be careful and maintain health. By consuming dragon fruit that contains antioxidant phytoalbumin this compound can increase the formation of carcinogenic free radicals that prevent cancer cells developing in the body. In addition dragon fruit also streamline the work of removing toxins out of the body, including also toxins that trigger cancer.
2). Preventing Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus is also one of the many diseases that affect humans. Dragon fruit is capable of killing the evil cells that are produced due to unhealthy lifestyle by humans.
3). Lowering Cholesterol
Dragon fruit is very powerful lowering bad cholesterol levels in the body because it contains vitamin B3 is very high.
4). Preventing High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure is a disease caused by clogged arteries. Dragon fruit functions one of them is to smooth the blood flow so as to prevent high blood pressure.
5). Preventing Heart Attack
Fiber content in the dragon fruit can help prevent inflammation and also lower blood pressure, thus reducing the risk of heart attack.
6). Helps Cure and Asthma Cure
Cough does look trivial for some people, but for some people cough can cause breathless seriously especially for people with asthma. Dragon fruit can help cure cough and asthma that often interfere with breathing by relieving the effects of cough and asthma.
7). Useful for Bone Health
Dragon fruit has a high mineral content such as calcium, phosphorus and iron. This content is very good to meet the needs of bone nutrition to be able to stay healthy and strong.
8). Helps Formation of Red Blood Cells (Hemoglobin)
Red blood cells (hemoglobin) are needed in the body. The formation can be done with the help of vitamin B12 or riboflavin. Dragon fruit has a very high vitamin B12 (riboflavin). So the consumption of dragon fruit can help the formation of red blood cells (hemoglobin) in the body.
9). Useful for Intestinal Health
When eating a lot of food, bowel work will be more severe. To relieve intestinal work, fiber aids are needed. High fiber can be obtained by consuming dragon fruit.
10). Helps Formation of Thrombin and Prothrombin
Dragon fruit contains phosphorus and calcium are very high benefits for the human body. One of the benefits is as a catalyst to help the formation of thrombin and protombin in the blood.
11). Helps Muscle Formation
Protein in the dragon fruit is very useful to help the formation of muscles for you, especially men who like to exercise. Eat dragon fruit that is safer than your muscle-building supplements.
12). Neutralize toxins in the body
One more benefit of the protein in the dragon fruit is to neutralize the toxins that enter the human body. These toxins are very dangerous and can threaten the health of the body.
13). Become a Powerholder
Dragon fruit has a lot of vitamin B1 or thiamine. This vitamin is very useful to convert carbohydrates into energy.
14). Anti Aging
Anti aging is the effect of air pollution exposed to your skin daily. Dragon fruit is a fruit with high antioxidants and certainly can prevent premature aging.
15). Boost the immune system
Another benefit of dragon fruit is to boost the immune system. So the consumption of dragon fruit can prevent diseases that attack your body.
16). Helpful to Prevent Muscle Paralysis
Muscles in the human body are heavily influenced by protein. So as to keep muscles healthy and does not happen paralysis required food with adequate protein content.
17). Maintaining Dental Health
Dental health can be obtained with the adequacy of calcium and iron in the body. Dragon fruit has a calcium and iron content that is very useful for maintaining healthy teeth.
18). Eliminate Acne
One of the most dominant dragon fruit contains vitamins. These vitamins are beneficial for skin health. One of them to remove acne on facial skin.
19). Helps Digestion
Dragon fruit is very useful for humans for all ages.
20). Helpful to Keep Skin Moisture
The skin needs high vitamins as nutrients and foods to keep them healthy and not dry. Dragon fruit has vitamins that can meet the nutritional needs of the skin.
21). Maintain Health and Help Nerve Work
Phosphorus and calcium in the dragon fruit serves to help nerve work. Especially in the nervous system, where dragon fruit consumption can make phosphorus and calcium as nerve transimission.
22). Supports Diet Program
Dragon fruit is a high-protein fruit, but low in fat and carbohydrates. So that the dragon fruit into a fruit that is suitable for consumption when dieting. Protein content can meet the needs of the body and fat and carbohydrate content is not worried to interfere with your diet program. In addition, the fiber content in dragon fruit can also help to smooth digestion.
23). Preventing Inflammation
Inflammation can occur in several organs of the body. The content of vitamins, fiber, and minerals in the dragon fruit can prevent the inflammation occurs.
24). Helps Treat Sore Throat
Vitamin C in the dragon fruit is very useful to overcome and cure pain in your throat.
25). Treat Thrushes
One more benefit of vitamin C in the dragon fruit. Of course already many of us who know that thrushes can be cured by eating foods containing vitamin C.
26). Useful for Breastfeeding Moms
Dragon fruit was able to increase the production of breast milk.
27). Reduce Cramps on the Body
As has been known before, the content of calcium, phosphorus and iron. The following mineral content is very useful to reduce cramps in your body.
28). Being Natural Food Dyes
Betalain compounds in red dragon fruit can be utilized to be a natural dye of safe food ingredients.
29). Increase Appetite
Dragon fruit is able to provide vitamin B2 and B1 intake that will stimulate children to eat more.
30). Keeping the body ions
31). Fruit to increase stamina
32). Good for baby’s digestion over 1 year
33). Maintain a smooth blood-conscious system
34). Good for deep heat treat